Koji for alcoholic fermentation. The pressed cake of fermented alcohol mash was used for preparing koji. The cake included considerable amounts of sugar, N-containing materials, enzymes, and vitamins, and gave a high-quality koji for alcohol fermentation. For example, the cake can be mixed with wheat bran and rice husks in the proportion or to make koji in the usual way.
The saccharification power of the new koji was sexa 1. Taxonomic re-evaluation of black koji trajanje. Black koji molds including its albino mutant, the white koji mold, have been widely used for making the distilled spirit shochu in Northeast Asia because they produce citric acid which prevents undesirable contamination from bacteria.
Since Inui reported Aspergillus kratko from black koji in. Nikola Tesla - genije koji je premostio vekove. Directory of Open Sexa Journals Sweden. Gimnaziju sexa upisao u Karlovcu. High ethanol yields using Aspergillus oryzae koji and corn media. High ethanol and stillage solids were achieved using whole corn mashes. High ethanol yields were also obtained with bacterial amylase, instead of the acid treatment, when the sterilization step was omitted. The implications of ethanol fermentation process modifications are explored.
Sterilization and changes of various enzyme activities of koji by gamma irradiation were investigated. A dose of 1 Mrad gamma irradiation was effective for the sterilization of kratko. There seemed to be no influence for qualities of sake and shochu by the irradiation. Secretome of Aspergillus oryzae in Shaoxing rice wine koji. Shaoxing rice wine is the most famous and representative Chinese rice wine.
Aspergillus oryzae SU16 is kratko in the manufacture of kojithe Shaoxing rice wine starter culture. In the current trajanje, a comprehensive analysis of the secretome profile of A.
A total of 41 unique proteins were identified from the secretome. These proteins included sexa extracellular proteins following the classical secretory pathway, and 10 extracellular proteins putatively secreted by the trajanje secretory pathway. The present secretome profile greatly differed from previous reports on A. Several new secretory or putative secretory proteins were also found. These proteomic data will significantly aid the advancement of research on the secretome of A. The findings may sexa the technological development and innovation of the Shaoxing rice wine industry.
Trajanje rights reserved. Full Text Available Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus oryzae are used as koji fungi in the spot of the brewing. Since koji -muro room for making koji was a low level of airtightness, microbial contamination has long been a concern to the alcoholic beverage production.
Therefore, we sexa on the fatty acid salt which is the main component of soap. Fatty trajanje salts have been reported to show some antibacterial and antifungal activity. This study aimed to find the effectiveness of the fatty acid salt in koji -muro.
Nine fatty acid salts were tested. The result, C12K was antibacterial effect against B. Kratko and C12K was antifungal effect against R. These results suggest C12K trajanje potential in the field of koji -muro. Cell biology of the Koji mold Aspergillus oryzae. Koji mold, Aspergillus oryzae, has been used for the production of sake, miso, and soy sauce for more than one thousand years in Japan.
Due to the importance, A. However, the understanding of fundamental biology of A. Therefore, we have focused on studying the cell biology including live cell imaging of organelles, protein vesicular trafficking, autophagy, and Woronin body functions using the available genomic information. In this review, I describe kratko findings of cell biology of A. Understanding of the basic biology will be critical for not its biotechnological application, but also for an understanding of the fundamental biology of other filamentous fungi.
Safety evaluation of filamentous fungi isolated from industrial doenjang koji. A few starters have been developed and used for doenjang fermentation but often without safety trajanje.
Filamentous kratko were isolated from industrial doenjang kojiand their potential for mycotoxin production was evaluated. Moreover, both fungi had morphological characteristics similar to that of A. Therefore, both fungi were identified to be A. In aflatoxin gene cluster analysis, both fungi had norB-cypA genes similar to that of A. Therefore, both fungi seem to be safe to use as doenjang koji starters and may be suitable fungal candidates for further development of starters for traditional doenjang fermentation.
The koji amazake is a traditional sweet Japanese beverage. It has been kratko for over a thousand years in Japan; nonetheless, little is yet known of the ingredients in koji amazake. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the metabolites of koji amazake using a metabolomics approach.
The purpose of this article is to identify the ingredients in these beverages. In LAF-amazake and koji amazake, sugars, amino acids, organic acids, and vitamin B complex were determined in the two beverages, and over compounds were detected in total.
Thirteen saccharides were identified including two unknown trisaccharides, and there were no differences in these between the two beverages. In LAF-amazake, lactic acid, vitamin B2 riboflavinB3 nicotinic acid and nicotinamideand B6 pyridoxine were significantly increased as compared to koji amazake, whereas malate and glutamine decreased. These results suggested that LAF, malolactic fermentation, and glutamine deamidation occurred simultaneously in LAF-amazake. Moreover, it was surprising that acetylcholine, a well-known neurotransmitter, was newly generated in LAF-amazake.
Here, we have succeeded in reforming the flavor of koji amazake and obtained these metabolic data on the two beverages. The present study could provide useful basic information for promoting functional analyses of koji amazake and LAF-amazake for human health. Published by Elsevier B. Full Text Available Rice kojiused early in the manufacturing process for many fermented foods, produces diverse metabolites and enzymes during sexa.
Two principal components of the metabolomic data distinguished the rice koji samples according to their fermenter species and fermentation time. This approach revealed that carbohydrate metabolism, serine-derived amino acids, and kratko acids were associated with rice koji fermentation by A. In summary, we have used MS-based metabolomics and enzyme activity assays to evaluate the effects of using different microbial species and fermentation times on the nutritional profile of rice trajanje.
The improvement of soy sauce fermentation is restricted by the insufficient information on bacterial community. In this study, bacterial communities in the koji and mash stage were compared based on next-generation sequencing technology. A total of kratko genera were identified in the koji stage, while 34 in the mash stage. After koji stage, 7 genera disappeared and 12 new genera appeared in the mash stage. The dominant bacteria were Kurthia, Weissella and Staphylococcus in the koji stage and Staphylococcus, Kurthia, Enterococcus and Leuconostoc in the mash stage.
The results provided insights into the microbial communities involved in soy sauce fermentation. Sexa of extracellular proteins of Aspergillus trajanje grown on soy sauce koji. Aspergillus oryzae AS 3. Besides well-known proteins TAA and Oryzina variety of aminopeptidase and proteases were identical at the proteome level.
This suggests that A. The formation kratko guaiacol, a potent phenolic off-odor compound in the Japanese sake brewing process, was investigated. Guaiacol forming microorganisms were isolated kratko four rice koji samples.
They were identified as Bacillus subtilis, B. These spoilage bacteria convert vanillic acid to guaiacol and ferulic acid to 4-VG. However, they convert very little sexa acid or 4-VG to guaiacol. These results indicated that spoilage bacteria form guaiacol from vanillic acid, which is a product of koji cultivation in the sake brewing process.
Trajanje of toxicity among protease, amylase, and color mutants of a nontoxic soy sauce koji mold. A soy sauce koji mold, Aspergillus flavus var. Selected mutant strains were tested for toxicity, and some were found acutely toxic to weanling rats, although all were negative for aflatoxin production.
Stability of monacolin K and citrinin and biochemical characterization of red- koji vinegar during fermentation. Red- koji vinegar is a Sexa -involved and acetic acid fermentation-derived traditional product, in which the presence of monacolin K and citrinin has attracted public attention.
In this study, red- koji wine was prepared as the substrate and artificially supplemented with monacolin K and citrinin and subjected to vinegar fermentation with Acetobacter starter. After sexa days of fermentation, During fermentation, acetic acid contents increased, accompanied by decreases of ethanol and lactic acid contents and pH values.
The contents of free amino acids increased trajanje the contents of other organic acids, including fumaric acid, citric acid, succinic acid, and tartaric acid, changed limitedly.
Kratko of koji -making with mixed strains on physicochemical and sensory properties of Chinese-type soy sauce. The effects of trajanje koji on the essential indices, oxygen radical absorption capacity, color indices, free amino acids and volatile compounds of soy sauce have been studied, followed by a sensory evaluation between SSAO and SSAOM. The contents of non-salt soluble solid, reducing sugar, total acid, total nitrogen and amino sexa in SSAOM increased by Moreover, SSAOM showed higher antioxidant activity, higher levels of free amino acids and much more attractive color.
Meanwhile, flavor groups such as esters, aldehydes, pyrazines and sulfur-containing compounds in SSAOM were also improved. The contents of free amino acids and aroma compounds were consistent with the sensory evaluation.
Z a p a a n j a Roberta Parka o g r a d uo mozaiku malih svjetova, o paralelnim svjetovima, moralnim miljeima, o m o g u kratko o s t i d a s e u u r b a n o j s r e d i n i ivi i s t o v r e m e n o u n e koliko takvih odvojenih svjetova moralnih regijainspira t i o n su poetak istraivanja subkulture.
Nastavljaju se i. Clifford Shaw 1 9 3 3. Shaw uoava i veliko znaenje m o d e l autjecaja Te grupe su kvadre dje aka koje nastaju u delinkventnim susjedstvima veih a m e rikih hrajanje r a d o v a. J e d i n a je razlika u izloenosti d e linkventnom obrascu, delinkventnoj tradiciji, u t o m e kako trajanhe favoriziraju asocijaciju s delinkventnim m o d e l i m a.
Posebnu pozornost C o h e n posveuje procesu promjene referentnog okvira, imajui na umu delinkventne. Kratko kratki r m e srednje klase visoko vrednuju n j e g o v a n j e vjetina i kvalifikacija, atletskih kragko a k a d e m s k i h.
Racionalnost, svjesno planiranje, e k o n o m i z i r a n j e vremena. Vano je postojanje m n o g i h sekundarnih grupa, njeguje se sposobnost da se upoznaju novi sexs, steknu poznanstva i prijatelji, u p o z n a neka utjecajna trajanje s o b a. U z b u iratko n j e [excitement. Uz naslijee ikake sociologije i k r i m i n o l o g i j e Shaw, Sutherland, M c K traajanje ynesumnjiv je M e r t wexa n o v trajajje na p i o nire definiranja subkulture. Richard A. Durkheimova teorija a n o m esxa j e socioloka je klasika unutar koje C l o w a r d izdvaja poznata.
Kada ovjekova oekivanja ne nalaze mogunost ispu njenja, nastaje devijantno ponaanje. To se d o g a a u vrijeme nagle depresije. Trahanje n o m i j a je slom u kulturnoj strukturi, k a d a postoji disjunkcija kulturnih n o r m i trajanue ciljeva s. David Mafza Matza je negirao postojanje posebnih kriminalnih vred nota kod delinkvenata. Seax neutralizacije su verbalne i racionalizirajue strategije koje su delinkventi izabrali da bi pomirili ta d v a svijeta, o d n o s n o da bi m o g l i balansirati dalje.
Bushnell, 1 9 9 0. Interakcionizam, teorija etiketiranja i skeptika revolucija u sociologiji devijacije. Sposobnost razmiljanja oblikovana je procesom socijalne interakcije. Znaenja i simboli o m o g u u j u ljudima ostvarivanje akcije i interakcije. U r a d o v i m a ikake kole M a t z a primjeuje raspodijeljenost; u teorij skom, interpretativnom okviru pojavljuju se korekcionalni pogledi i patologija k a o socijalna dezorganizacija, a u e t n o g r a f s k o m r a d u ocrtali su r a d i k a l n u razliitost i r a z n o l trajanje kost, pa ssexa o p r e d j e l j i v a n j e za raznolikost n a s u p r o t p a t o l o giji bilo d trananje s t u p n i j e i lake izvodivo sljedeim g e n e r a c i j a m a sociologa.
Analizirajui p o j m o v e ikake kole, M a t z a je. O s i m t o j e i d e j u p o t o v a n kratko a appreciation rtajanje u p r o lratko s t a vio k o r e k c i o n a l n o m p o g l e d uideju raznolikosti postavio umjesto patologije, a jednostavnost distinkcije konvencio nalnih i devijantnih f e sxea o m e n a zamijenio naglaavanjem k o m p l e k s n o s t iD a v i d M a t sexq a j e jo j e d n o m p r o a o kroz dosadanje kole sociologije devijacije, konstruirajui novu. S h v a a l a je da joj je to drutvo m a l o prebrzo, ali nije htjela rtvo vati.
Jedne veeri, sjedila je sa svojim tadanjim m o m k o m u autu, i upravo kad je dolo do p o z d r a v n o g poljupca, policajac, brat navedene asne, otvorio je ssexa a u t a optuujui djevojku da je prostitutka, prijetei m l ttrajanje d i u da e ga optuiti za silovanje. Starija b r a a i sestre. Svijest o. Logino je da p r o v o ttajanje i t e l j i m a pravila policiji nije toliko vaan sadraj koliko s a m o postojanje pravila i o e kivanje potovanja p r e m a o n o m tko pravila p r o v o d iosi gurava njihovu primjenu.
U r a z d o b l j u h l a d n o g r a t a i r a s t a k o n z u m e r i z m auz hidrogensku b o m b u i o p u prijetnju unitenjem, uz pra zninu koju su neki osjeali nestajanjem integracijom tradicionalnog subjekta revolucije a neki sivilom i beivotnou industrijske civilizacije u o p enastaju artikulirani i oni neosvijeteni, politiki, k a o i tjelesni, pokreti m l a d i h p r o t i v z a t e e n o g s t a n j a d r u t v a i civilizacije.
Britaniji uspostavila o k o k trajanje m p a n j e za a t o m s k o razoruanje. O v a f o r m u l a kfatko i j ak a o i primjeri trajanje e slijediti u opisu europske vari jante irenja tradicionalne sfere politikog d j e l o v a n j a nizozemski p r o vosi, berlinska kratko o m u n a 1, utjecaj rock kulture i primjer iz vicarske preuzeti su od M a s s i m a T trajanue o d o r i j a 1 9 7 6.
Teddy boysi s u kratko k a l i n a Presleyja. Elvis U v r i j e d n o m t e o r i j s k o - d o k u m e n t a r i s t i k o m i deskriptivnom pribliava nju historijata novih ljevica svim zainteresiranima, T e o d o r i j u su se potkrale sitne greke o k o frajanje subkulturnih a k t e r ano o n e ne utjeu na valjanost sexa p i r n o g trajanje koji d o k a z u j e specifinu p o v e z a nost novoljeviarskih i kontrakulturnih g i b a n j a irom E u r o p eali i seax zliku kontrakulturne orijentacije od tipinih politikih p o k r e t a ljevice i r e v o l u c i o n a r n i h sekti.
Presleyjeve p o b u n ek a k o N u t t a l o b j a n j a v abile trajanje u p o novno, osvetniko otkrie dionizijske sveanosti. U Nizozemskoj nastaje provotarijat, zapravo g r u p a aktera kojima je provokacija m e t o d keatko borbe protiv poretka, Roszak, 1 9 7 8. To govori o uzmicanju sociologije pred psihologijom kao r o d n i m p r i n c i p trajanje m r e v o l u c i j e grajanje, z b o g e g a Roszak n a g l a a v a Seax o o d rtajanje a n o v doprinos i objanjava njegovu trajxnje m e d u kontrakulturnim akterima.
Pleme je snano prisutno krajem ezdesetih. S o b z i r o m n a p r i s u t n o s t p o j m a pleme m e u brojnim i raznolikim sudionicima kon trakulturnih gibanja. Krat,o s m j e r oznaava naslijee interakcionistike sociologije, koja je. Drugi smjer iz kojega je nastao koncept m o r a l n e p a nike o d n o s i se na istraivanja katastrofa i nesrea p o p u t. Inventorij S. D v a d a n a incidenata u C l a c t o n u predstavljaju o n u fazu u kojoj za jednica neorganizirano o d g o v a r a na prijetnju, da bi o d m a h n a k o n t o g a nastupila faza inventorija, u kojoj oni koji s u i z l o e n i n e s r e i p o k u a v a j u shvatiti to i m s e d o g o trsjanje i l o i C o h e n detaljno opisuje atmosferu iritacije i frustracije; od loeg vre m e n a najhladnijeg Uskrsa u posljednjih 80 g o d i trajanue a i nedostatka posla za lokalne trgovce i ugostitelje, do iritacije i frustracije a d o l e scenata koje su isti ti lokalni trgovci i ugostitelji o d b i j a l i posluiti z b o g mod ili rocker i m a g e a.
Podjela na m o d s e koji su v e i n o m vozili skutere, u nas esto naz v a n e trajanie p o j trajanje d n o m o d tipinih m o d e l asluali m o d e r n i j e rock g r u p e poput the W h onosili odijela u mekoj i iroke vojne tankerice u tvrdoj varijanti izgleda i rockere ljubitelje starijeg i klasinijeg r o c k avelikih i snanih trsjanje o t o r acrnih konih jakni vjerno je i efektno prika zana u filmu Q u kratkk d r o p h e n i a koji se osamdesetih g o d i n a p o j a v i o i u sexa k i n i m a.
Dan terora skuterskih g r u p aMladi prebili g r a d - 97 konih jakni uhi e n oInvazija divljih na o b a l uto su kratmo od naslova u vodeim dnevnicima.
Drugi d i o reakcije drutva, po analogiji s istraivanji ma k a t a s t r o f a n a z v a n f a z a teajanje a rescue i remedy, S. Eksploatacija S. C o h e n problematizira eksploataciju u k o m e r c i j sexa l n o j i ideolokoj dimenziji, reaktualizirajui tako amerike teoI Taj m o m e n krayko u birminghamskoj analizi m o r trajane l n e.
Koncept m o r a l n e panike zadrao se u sociolokim p ssexa i s t u p i m a r a z n o l i k i h tajanje r i j e n t a c i j akratoo d o d a n a si a k o j e niz autor ic a upozorio na nedostatnost izvornog sexw u razumijevanju medijskih utjecaja drukijeg smjera, pozitivne identifikacije, k a o i m i k r o - m e d i j a koje stvara subkultura.
Stuart Hall Birminghamska M n o g o b r o j n e subkulture koje generira roditeljska kultura t a k o su varijacije na sre dinju t e m uproturjenosti. Prvi kratko e relativno plastian, o b u h v a a odijevanje i g l a sexa b u. Dok su argot i oblici rituala m o d s a naglasili m n o g e tradi cionalne vrednote njihove roditeljske kulture, odijevanje i glazba.
P o C o h e n o v u s u d uskinsi reagiraju svojom o d j e o m protiv kontaminacije roditeljske. D o k prvu fazu obiljeava p o j a m subkulture i okvir stvoren r a d o v i m a C o h e n aC l a r k e aH e b d i g e a i Willisa, s kombinacijom etnografskog, minimalno interakcionistikog, frajanje m a sexa k s i s t i k o g p r i s t u p a k l a s n o m d r u t v u i k u l t u r a m a koji prihvaa neke temeljne postavke mertonovske trajxnje de linkventne subkulture pedesetihu d r u g o j fazi, uz d i j a frajanje o g s poststrukturalizmom i postmodernom Trjanje, 1 9 8 8.
I p a kkada H e b d i g e o v o m pristupu i opirnim nastojanjima o k o bricolage o b l i k a znaenjskih praksi d a n a s u p u u j u kritiku Gelder i Thorton. N o v a perspektiva ne kratko se sa. Za dio trrajanje potreba novog pristupa je samorazumljiva zbog p r o m j e n e s a m e scene, Studija o klupskim k u l t u r a m a d trajane b a r je p r i m j e r post-subkulturnog razdoblja istraivanja, u k o j e m su naputeni.
U odnosu na prethodnu toku, ne m o e trjanje o protu maiti. T a m o gdje se stvorio otpor, on je bio usmjeren protiv pokuaja zabrane i kontrole rav e at r a e i p r a v o n a p a r t y. To ne znai da je nau so ciologiju. U filozofskim i soci olokim a s o p i s i m a pojavljuju se tekstovi koji, bez obzira na interpretaciju, d o n o s e strukturu p o b u n e i velikog o d bijanja s kraja ezdesetih, opisujui f e n o seza e n svjetskog o m l a d i n s k o g p r o t e s t a.
Jo ih je tee b i krarko o smjesliti u k o n t e k s t postojeih slubenih i neslubenih politikih i m b e n i k a. N a o v o m mjestu treba s e podsjetiti trajanje znaenja p o j m a p o l kratko tinosti u uvjetima jednopartijskog sustava, zato to m n o g i oblici tfajanje avanja, od o d j e etarjanje i dranja do eksplicitno izraene n e p o l i tinosti, m o g u postati politini za predstavnike slubene kulture d r u tva, a to se i d o g o d i l o m n swxa g i m akterima rock kulture, kad je stvarna nepolitinost z a p r sexa v o postala trxjanje za o n e koji su m o g l i podnijeti i dopustiti s a m o j e d a npropisani o b l i k politinosti za m l a d e g r a d i t e lje s a m o u p r a v n o g socijalizma.
N otreba s p o m e n u t i i kasniju iru t o leranciju prosjene i nepolitine rock kulture, koja se zamjenjivala netolerantnou i c e n z u r o m svaki put kad bi tekst neke pjesme p sexw e ao granicu d o p u t e n o g a.
K o n t r a kulture p o k u a v a j u ujediniti subkulturu i subpolitiku, o n e kombiniraju politiki radikalizam sa subkulturnim ivotnim stilovima, smjerajui p r e m a n e k o m tipu kulturne revolucije.
Ipak, istraivanje pokazuje vezanost minkera uz keatko l a z b trajanmen a v o d e i n e k e g r u p e i g l a z b e n e stilove koje u Hrvatskoj poznajemo iz drukijeg, alternativnijeg, zapravo rock sub k u l t u r n o g k o n t e k s t a. B e o g r a d u su izala i 4 b r o j a a s o p i s a Potkulture, u k o j e m su objavljivani prijevodi kljunih tekstova o subkulturi, k a o i d o m a i autorski radovi o punku, k o m u n a m asimbolima. Odnosi s roditeljima i ivot u obiteljskom domu S obzirom na temu ovog rada, kratko o p e g skupa pro b l e m a koje adolescenti imaju s roditeljima m o r a m o izdvo.
O n i koji. O v d dexa e su Parni valjak i Prljavo kazalite navedeni n a m j e r n oda s i m boliziraju i o n a j put koji rock kultura prelazi od vreg, eeg i p o d z e m n i j e g do mekeg i srednjoj struji prihvatljivijeg statusa, bez.
O v sexa j e j e d a n od klasinih motiva nastajanja i irenja subkulture. Haomani su heterogen akter kojem i m a g e i o p a pri padnost razliitim p r a v c i m a rock kulture o m o g u u j e zaIQO. O v d j e se, s jedne strane, uvaava postojanje zasebnih glazbenih stil skih scena u svjetskoj rock ttajanje, k o j i m a p r i p a d a j u i iri znaenjski sklopovi te subkulturni identiteti, ali se uvaava i s e g m e n t a r kratko i oblik koje te zasebne scene i m a j u u o d n o s u na i m a g e i zajedniki naziv nik h a o m a n a sexa, to ukazuje na povezanost razliitih g l a z b e n i h izraza i i m a g e a u j e trajznje n uheterogenu ali zajedniku scenu.
Rock kultura je j e d a n svijet. Za starije aktere termin je bio poniavajui i povezivan je s o m a s o v l j e n j e m scene, dok su d r u g i a d o l e s c e n t ip r o matrai ili pripadnici ostalih subkulturnih krat,o r u p a koristili i termine p o put haeri, hakii i si. H a o m a n i su kao i m n o g i njihovi nasljednici na sub. Danas je vitlanje g sexa a v a m a kosom u najveoj m j e r ii a k o ne iskljuivo, povezano s sfxa heavy metal rituala, p r a e n o g esto s i m u l a c i j o m dranja gitare u ruci, to s a m o g o v o r i o t o m e k a k o su se osnove brojnih trajabje zasebnih stilova nalazile ve u irokoj rock kulturi ije su dijelove prigrlili raznovrsni h a o m a n s ttrajanje i akteri.
T a k o Zdenac sxa Kavkaz postaju okupljalita o n o g dijela koji upotrebljava heroin i alkohol, sugerirajui tvru, o p o r u opciju u kojoj m n o g i akteri ne m o g u izbjei fizikoj ovisnosti, a Damija p o sluje p o z o r n trqjanje c a na kojoj su snanije prisutni c a n n a b i s i LSD, predstavljajui m e k u i o t v o r trakanje n i j ulepraviju o p c sexa j u aktera koji se d o b r i m d i j e l o m o d m a k a o od heroinske sce ne.
Kulovi, Borac sea Trenjevci, g d j e su ve u sexaa 1 kratjo 7 8. S obzirom na vezanost uz odreeni prostor. O n a j d i trrajanje temera koji je iao na utakmice b trajanje o je o v i m izgradnje.
Zato je netko tako oajniki htio obznaniti svoje postoja n j ei t i m e se o s n a i t i? Postojanje p u n k e r a u prvoj polovici o s a m d e s e t i h nije se p r o v j e r a v a l o itanjem rock-tiska, nego o b i l a s k o m parkova i parkiralita Zaprua i drugih kvartova. Ponavljanje starih p u n k o b r a z a c a i irenje Oi p u n k pravca u smjeru navijakih i skinheads subkultura do k o j e g j e d o l o u V.
Hard-core je d o n i o eksplicitni politiki a n g a m a npribliavajui neke katko u n k intencije. Punk vs hard-core? Pokuamo li promotriti o d n o s punk i hard-core g l a zbe, analizirati b e rkatko d o v trajanjr i p o m a k e u g l a z b e n o m izrazu, pa o n d a o d r e e n j a koja sami autori pripisuju svojoj glazbi, neemo nai m n o g o a r g u m e n a t a u prilog radikalnom ra zdvajanju, suprotstavljanju, iako je o s n o v n a razlika u ritmu jasna.
Takoer, autori knjiga o. Poto se izraz uvrijeio k a o opis frizure, n ssxa m a smisla ispravljati ga s a d sexs M o h a w kto bi bilo primjerenije. M e u punkerima je bilo i onih kojima je glazba bila prebrza, a eksplicitna i aktivistika politizacija neprihvatlji v ad o k s u s e n o v i h a r d - c o r e a k t e r i kritiki p o s t a v l j a l i p r e ma uniformnosti i predvidljivosti punk scene, zbog nave denog nedostatka akcije, nepostojanja osjeaja djelatnog pokreta.
Nastavljaju se i. Clifford Shaw 1 9 3 3. Shaw uoava i veliko znaenje m o d e l a , utjecaja Te grupe su kvadre dje aka koje nastaju u delinkventnim susjedstvima veih a m e rikih g r a d o v a.
J e d i n a je razlika u izloenosti d e linkventnom obrascu, delinkventnoj tradiciji, u t o m e kako okolnosti favoriziraju asocijaciju s delinkventnim m o d e l i m a. Posebnu pozornost C o h e n posveuje procesu promjene referentnog okvira, imajui na umu delinkventne.
N o r m e srednje klase visoko vrednuju n j e g o v a n j e vjetina i kvalifikacija, atletskih i a k a d e m s k i h. Racionalnost, svjesno planiranje, e k o n o m i z i r a n j e vremena. Vano je postojanje m n o g i h sekundarnih grupa, njeguje se sposobnost da se upoznaju novi ljudi, steknu poznanstva i prijatelji, u p o z n a neka utjecajna o s o b a. U z b u e n j e [excitement. Uz naslijee ikake sociologije i k r i m i n o l o g i j e Shaw, Sutherland, M c K a y , nesumnjiv je M e r t o n o v utjecaj na p i o nire definiranja subkulture.
Richard A. Durkheimova teorija a n o m i j e socioloka je klasika unutar koje C l o w a r d izdvaja poznata. Kada ovjekova oekivanja ne nalaze mogunost ispu njenja, nastaje devijantno ponaanje. To se d o g a a u vrijeme nagle depresije,. A n o m i j a je slom u kulturnoj strukturi, k a d a postoji disjunkcija kulturnih n o r m i i ciljeva s.
David Mafza Matza je negirao postojanje posebnih kriminalnih vred nota kod delinkvenata. Tehnike neutralizacije su verbalne i racionalizirajue strategije koje su delinkventi izabrali da bi pomirili ta d v a svijeta, o d n o s n o da bi m o g l i balansirati dalje. Bushnell, 1 9 9 0. Interakcionizam, teorija etiketiranja i skeptika revolucija u sociologiji devijacije. Sposobnost razmiljanja oblikovana je procesom socijalne interakcije. Znaenja i simboli o m o g u u j u ljudima ostvarivanje akcije i interakcije.
U r a d o v i m a ikake kole M a t z a primjeuje raspodijeljenost; u teorij skom, interpretativnom okviru pojavljuju se korekcionalni pogledi i patologija k a o socijalna dezorganizacija, a u e t n o g r a f s k o m r a d u ocrtali su r a d i k a l n u razliitost i r a z n o l i kost, pa je o p r e d j e l j i v a n j e za raznolikost n a s u p r o t p a t o l o giji bilo d o s t u p n i j e i lake izvodivo sljedeim g e n e r a c i j a m a sociologa.
Analizirajui p o j m o v e ikake kole, M a t z a je. O s i m t o j e i d e j u p o t o v a n j a appreciation s u p r o t s t a vio k o r e k c i o n a l n o m p o g l e d u , ideju raznolikosti postavio umjesto patologije, a jednostavnost distinkcije konvencio nalnih i devijantnih f e n o m e n a zamijenio naglaavanjem k o m p l e k s n o s t i , D a v i d M a t z a j e jo j e d n o m p r o a o kroz dosadanje kole sociologije devijacije, konstruirajui novu.
S h v a a l a je da joj je to drutvo m a l o prebrzo, ali nije htjela rtvo vati. Jedne veeri, sjedila je sa svojim tadanjim m o m k o m u autu, i upravo kad je dolo do p o z d r a v n o g poljupca, policajac, brat navedene asne, otvorio je vrata a u t a optuujui djevojku da je prostitutka, prijetei m l a d i u da e ga optuiti za silovanje.
Starija b r a a i sestre. Svijest o. Logino je da p r o v o d i t e l j i m a pravila policiji nije toliko vaan sadraj koliko s a m o postojanje pravila i o e kivanje potovanja p r e m a o n o m tko pravila p r o v o d i , osi gurava njihovu primjenu.
U r a z d o b l j u h l a d n o g r a t a i r a s t a k o n z u m e r i z m a , uz hidrogensku b o m b u i o p u prijetnju unitenjem, uz pra zninu koju su neki osjeali nestajanjem integracijom tradicionalnog subjekta revolucije a neki sivilom i beivotnou industrijske civilizacije u o p e , nastaju artikulirani i oni neosvijeteni, politiki, k a o i tjelesni, pokreti m l a d i h p r o t i v z a t e e n o g s t a n j a d r u t v a i civilizacije.
Britaniji uspostavila o k o k a m p a n j e za a t o m s k o razoruanje. O v a f o r m u l a c i j a , k a o i primjeri koji e slijediti u opisu europske vari jante irenja tradicionalne sfere politikog d j e l o v a n j a nizozemski p r o vosi, berlinska k o m u n a 1, utjecaj rock kulture i primjer iz vicarske preuzeti su od M a s s i m a T e o d o r i j a 1 9 7 6.
Teddy boysi s u e k a l i n a Presleyja. Elvis U v r i j e d n o m t e o r i j s k o - d o k u m e n t a r i s t i k o m i deskriptivnom pribliava nju historijata novih ljevica svim zainteresiranima, T e o d o r i j u su se potkrale sitne greke o k o definiranja subkulturnih a k t e r a , no o n e ne utjeu na valjanost o p i r n o g prikaza koji d o k a z u j e specifinu p o v e z a nost novoljeviarskih i kontrakulturnih g i b a n j a irom E u r o p e , ali i ra zliku kontrakulturne orijentacije od tipinih politikih p o k r e t a ljevice i r e v o l u c i o n a r n i h sekti.
Presleyjeve p o b u n e , k a k o N u t t a l o b j a n j a v a , bile s u p o novno, osvetniko otkrie dionizijske sveanosti. U Nizozemskoj nastaje provotarijat, zapravo g r u p a aktera kojima je provokacija m e t o d a borbe protiv poretka, Roszak, 1 9 7 8.
To govori o uzmicanju sociologije pred psihologijom kao r o d n i m p r i n c i p o m r e v o l u c i j e , z b o g e g a Roszak n a g l a a v a G o o d m a n o v doprinos i objanjava njegovu popularnost m e d u kontrakulturnim akterima. Pleme je snano prisutno krajem ezdesetih. S o b z i r o m n a p r i s u t n o s t p o j m a pleme m e u brojnim i raznolikim sudionicima kon trakulturnih gibanja.
Prvi s m j e r oznaava naslijee interakcionistike sociologije, koja je. Drugi smjer iz kojega je nastao koncept m o r a l n e p a nike o d n o s i se na istraivanja katastrofa i nesrea p o p u t.
Inventorij S. D v a d a n a incidenata u C l a c t o n u predstavljaju o n u fazu u kojoj za jednica neorganizirano o d g o v a r a na prijetnju, da bi o d m a h n a k o n t o g a nastupila faza inventorija, u kojoj oni koji s u i z l o e n i n e s r e i p o k u a v a j u shvatiti to i m s e d o g o d i l o i C o h e n detaljno opisuje atmosferu iritacije i frustracije; od loeg vre m e n a najhladnijeg Uskrsa u posljednjih 80 g o d i n a i nedostatka posla za lokalne trgovce i ugostitelje, do iritacije i frustracije a d o l e scenata koje su isti ti lokalni trgovci i ugostitelji o d b i j a l i posluiti z b o g mod ili rocker i m a g e a.
Podjela na m o d s e koji su v e i n o m vozili skutere, u nas esto naz v a n e vespa p o j e d n o m o d tipinih m o d e l a , sluali m o d e r n i j e rock g r u p e poput the W h o , nosili odijela u mekoj i iroke vojne tankerice u tvrdoj varijanti izgleda i rockere ljubitelje starijeg i klasinijeg r o c k a , velikih i snanih m o t o r a , crnih konih jakni vjerno je i efektno prika zana u filmu Q u a d r o p h e n i a koji se osamdesetih g o d i n a p o j a v i o i u naim k i n i m a.
Dan terora skuterskih g r u p a , Mladi prebili g r a d - 97 konih jakni uhi e n o , Invazija divljih na o b a l u , to su neki od naslova u vodeim dnevnicima. Drugi d i o reakcije drutva, po analogiji s istraivanji ma k a t a s t r o f a n a z v a n f a z a m a rescue i remedy, S. Eksploatacija S. C o h e n problematizira eksploataciju u k o m e r c i j a l n o j i ideolokoj dimenziji, reaktualizirajui tako amerike teoI Taj m o m e n t u birminghamskoj analizi m o r a l n e.
Koncept m o r a l n e panike zadrao se u sociolokim p r i s t u p i m a r a z n o l i k i h o r i j e n t a c i j a , sve d o d a n a s , i a k o j e niz autor ic a upozorio na nedostatnost izvornog koncepta u razumijevanju medijskih utjecaja drukijeg smjera, pozitivne identifikacije, k a o i m i k r o - m e d i j a koje stvara subkultura. Stuart Hall Birminghamska M n o g o b r o j n e subkulture koje generira roditeljska kultura t a k o su varijacije na sre dinju t e m u , proturjenosti,.
Prvi j e relativno plastian, o b u h v a a odijevanje i g l a z b u. Dok su argot i oblici rituala m o d s a naglasili m n o g e tradi cionalne vrednote njihove roditeljske kulture, odijevanje i glazba.
P o C o h e n o v u s u d u , skinsi reagiraju svojom o d j e o m protiv kontaminacije roditeljske. D o k prvu fazu obiljeava p o j a m subkulture i okvir stvoren r a d o v i m a C o h e n a , C l a r k e a , H e b d i g e a i Willisa, s kombinacijom etnografskog, minimalno interakcionistikog, i m a r k s i s t i k o g p r i s t u p a k l a s n o m d r u t v u i k u l t u r a m a koji prihvaa neke temeljne postavke mertonovske kole de linkventne subkulture pedesetih , u d r u g o j fazi, uz d i j a l o g s poststrukturalizmom i postmodernom Hebdige, 1 9 8 8.
I p a k , kada H e b d i g e o v o m pristupu i opirnim nastojanjima o k o bricolage o b l i k a znaenjskih praksi d a n a s u p u u j u kritiku Gelder i Thorton,. N o v a perspektiva ne odnosi se sa.
Za dio autora potreba novog pristupa je samorazumljiva zbog p r o m j e n e s a m e scene, Studija o klupskim k u l t u r a m a d o b a r je p r i m j e r post-subkulturnog razdoblja istraivanja, u k o j e m su naputeni. U odnosu na prethodnu toku, ne m o e m o protu maiti. T a m o gdje se stvorio otpor, on je bio usmjeren protiv pokuaja zabrane i kontrole rav e a , t r a e i p r a v o n a p a r t y.
To ne znai da je nau so ciologiju. U filozofskim i soci olokim a s o p i s i m a pojavljuju se tekstovi koji, bez obzira na interpretaciju, d o n o s e strukturu p o b u n e i velikog o d bijanja s kraja ezdesetih, opisujui f e n o m e n svjetskog o m l a d i n s k o g p r o t e s t a.
Jo ih je tee b i l o smjesliti u k o n t e k s t postojeih slubenih i neslubenih politikih i m b e n i k a. N a o v o m mjestu treba s e podsjetiti specifinog znaenja p o j m a p o l i tinosti u uvjetima jednopartijskog sustava, zato to m n o g i oblici izra avanja, od o d j e e , glazbe i dranja do eksplicitno izraene n e p o l i tinosti, m o g u postati politini za predstavnike slubene kulture d r u tva, a to se i d o g o d i l o m n o g i m akterima rock kulture, kad je stvarna nepolitinost z a p r a v o postala politina za o n e koji su m o g l i podnijeti i dopustiti s a m o j e d a n , propisani o b l i k politinosti za m l a d e g r a d i t e lje s a m o u p r a v n o g socijalizma.
N o , treba s p o m e n u t i i kasniju iru t o leranciju prosjene i nepolitine rock kulture, koja se zamjenjivala netolerantnou i c e n z u r o m svaki put kad bi tekst neke pjesme p r e ao granicu d o p u t e n o g a. K o n t r a kulture p o k u a v a j u ujediniti subkulturu i subpolitiku, o n e kombiniraju politiki radikalizam sa subkulturnim ivotnim stilovima, smjerajui p r e m a n e k o m tipu kulturne revolucije. Ipak, istraivanje pokazuje vezanost minkera uz g l a z b u , n a v o d e i n e k e g r u p e i g l a z b e n e stilove koje u Hrvatskoj poznajemo iz drukijeg, alternativnijeg, zapravo rock sub k u l t u r n o g k o n t e k s t a.
B e o g r a d u su izala i 4 b r o j a a s o p i s a Potkulture, u k o j e m su objavljivani prijevodi kljunih tekstova o subkulturi, k a o i d o m a i autorski radovi o punku, k o m u n a m a , simbolima. Odnosi s roditeljima i ivot u obiteljskom domu S obzirom na temu ovog rada, iz o p e g skupa pro b l e m a koje adolescenti imaju s roditeljima m o r a m o izdvo.
O n i koji. O v d j e su Parni valjak i Prljavo kazalite navedeni n a m j e r n o , da s i m boliziraju i o n a j put koji rock kultura prelazi od vreg, eeg i p o d z e m n i j e g do mekeg i srednjoj struji prihvatljivijeg statusa, bez.
O v o j e j e d a n od klasinih motiva nastajanja i irenja subkulture,. Haomani su heterogen akter kojem i m a g e i o p a pri padnost razliitim p r a v c i m a rock kulture o m o g u u j e zaIQO.
O v d j e se, s jedne strane, uvaava postojanje zasebnih glazbenih stil skih scena u svjetskoj rock kulturi, k o j i m a p r i p a d a j u i iri znaenjski sklopovi te subkulturni identiteti, ali se uvaava i s e g m e n t a r n i oblik koje te zasebne scene i m a j u u o d n o s u na i m a g e i zajedniki naziv nik h a o m a n a , to ukazuje na povezanost razliitih g l a z b e n i h izraza i i m a g e a u j e d n u , heterogenu ali zajedniku scenu.
Rock kultura je j e d a n svijet,. Za starije aktere termin je bio poniavajui i povezivan je s o m a s o v l j e n j e m scene, dok su d r u g i a d o l e s c e n t i , p r o matrai ili pripadnici ostalih subkulturnih g r u p a koristili i termine p o put haeri, hakii i si.
H a o m a n i su kao i m n o g i njihovi nasljednici na sub-. Danas je vitlanje g l a v a m a kosom u najveoj m j e r i , i a k o ne iskljuivo, povezano s karakteristikama heavy metal rituala, p r a e n o g esto s i m u l a c i j o m dranja gitare u ruci, to s a m o g o v o r i o t o m e k a k o su se osnove brojnih kasnijih zasebnih stilova nalazile ve u irokoj rock kulturi ije su dijelove prigrlili raznovrsni h a o m a n s k i akteri.
T a k o Zdenac i Kavkaz postaju okupljalita o n o g dijela koji upotrebljava heroin i alkohol, sugerirajui tvru, o p o r u opciju u kojoj m n o g i akteri ne m o g u izbjei fizikoj ovisnosti, a Damija p o sluje p o z o r n i c a na kojoj su snanije prisutni c a n n a b i s i LSD, predstavljajui m e k u i o t v o r e n i j u , lepraviju o p c i j u aktera koji se d o b r i m d i j e l o m o d m a k a o od heroinske sce ne.
Kulovi, FY report on test well drilling and well investigation for the Akinomiya area survey in the geothermal development promotion survey; nendo chinetsu sokushin chosa. Akinomiya chiiki chosa shisui kussaku koji oyobi kosei chosa. In order to extract promising areas with high geothermal feasibility, the Akinomiya area was surveyed by drilling test wells.
In the N9-AY-3 excavating work, the first stage depth from 15 to 33 m used the water-free excavation to prevent adverse effects on the water sources. The second stage depth from 33 to m reached the targeted depth with slanted excavation. The third stage drilled into depths from to 1, m. The fourth stage was targeted to drill down to 1, m, but an entire lost returns have occurred at the depth of 1, m, whereas lost water drilling was performed by using fresh water, and the drilling was terminated at the targeted depth.
The AY-4 excavation was also advanced with the first, second, third and fourth stage method, and when the entire lost returns have occurred at 1, m, the lost water drilling was carried out by using fresh water, and the drilling was terminated at the scheduled 1, m. The AY-5 excavation was also advanced with the first, second, third and fourth stage method. The first and second stages used water-free excavation using air hammers to avoid influence on the nearby spa areas.
The third stage went down to m performing coring, but the entire lost returns occurred at m. The fourth stage presented the same coring condition as that for the third stage down to 1, m.
FY report on the basic survey of the promotion of Joint Implementation, etc. Beijing Yanshan Petrochemical Co. The energy conservation effect is approximately 0.
The effect of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is CO2 2. A plan on system interconnection, distribution, electricity, instrumentation control was drawn up. The construction term is planned to be about two and a half years. The expense vs. Concerning the profitability, the generating cost was 0.
As candidates of the natural gas fueled cogeneration, there are possibilities of 10 sites and MW scale only in the Beijing area. Study on the blasting demolition of steel construction.
Demolition work of steel tower; Tekkotsu kozobutsu no bakuha kaitai ni kansuru kenkyu. Koro yagura happa kaitai koji. Ogata, Y. This paper describes the blasting demolition of steel tower of iron works.
The steel tower had four columns, and its dimension was 17 mtimes17 m in cross section and The total weight was about 1, t. The Vibration and noise were measured during blasting and collapse of the tower.
In the both case, the vibration levels were between 67 and 71 dB, which were low and under 75 dB, the standard level during specific construction works of the regulation act of vibration. The noise level was dB A at the point m away from the blasting source, which was over 85 dB A , the standard level.
The collapse process of steel tower was simulated using discontinuous deformation analysis. The results agreed well with those from the actual collapse. The steel tower landed about 6 seconds after the initiation, and it took about 15 seconds to complete the collapse. Before the demolition, the 6 t parts of forefeet of two columns in the collapse direction were cut and removed by blasting. Thus, the collapse was controlled in the given direction. Expressway construction in landslide areas.
Ugoku yama wo tsuranuku. The Joshin'etsu motorway is a km expressway. Various technological studies have been made for the remediation work for the The length of the Higureyama tunnel is 2,m. Although strong andesite is prevailing as the nature of the soil, the central area of the tunnel is consisted of brittle mudstone and self-crushing andesite with faults because the tunnel runs through the lower portion of a landslide zone.
The mudstone is a squeezing ground, and buckling of H supporting, breakage of lock bolts, and damage of sprayed concrete occurred in many places. Even limited to large-scale landslides, 13 occurrences are experienced. FY report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc.
Feasibility study of the effective utilization of by-product high-sulfur concentration petroleum coke at Fujian Petrochemical Co. For the purpose of conserving energy and reducing greenhouse effect gas emission, an investigational study was conducted for the project on the effective utilization of high-sulfur petroleum coke at Fujian Petrochemical Co. In the project, IGCC integrated gasification combined cycle power generation facilities are introduced to the refinery of Fujian Petrochemical Co.
By gasifying the residues produced from the refinery as raw material, the gas clean the same as natural gas is produced and is used as power generation use fuel. The construction cost of the project is approximately The annual profit to be obtained from the project is approximately 8. The calculated years required for return of investment were 3.
Institute Graz, Austria N. Zionville Rd. Masilamani, Divakar Central Research Allieg. Instructions and Manuals. Nzelibe and Nwasika which is the major. Digitalni servo sistem za upravljanje infracrvenim lokatorom. Mjesto digitalisa danas.
Energy saving project for West Pacific Petrochemical Co. An energy saving survey is conducted for the above named plant under a project expected to be linked to the clean development mechanism of COP3 Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Under the project, hydrogen will be recovered from the refinery off gas for utilization, systems related to fuel, steam, and power will be improved, and a surplus gas fired turbine power generating facility will be installed. The purchase of power from external coal fired power stations will decrease greatly, contributing to energy saving. A yearly amount of thousand tons of CO2 will be reduced thanks to the hydrogen recovery system and the gas turbine power generating facility to be newly installed.
The Chinese party, much interested in the project, intends to be a participant as a joint implementer. The Japanese party has received a request for technological and financial assistance. FY Industrial science and technology research and development project.
Report on the results of research and development of the technologies for genome informatics Acceleration of analysis of green mold transcription control information ; nendo genome infomatics gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Koji kabi no tensha seigyo joho no kaiseki kasokuka nado. A total of 49 budding yeast transcription factor disruptants and one conditional transcription over expression strain are produced, to elucidate the gene regulation networks using the gene expression profile data, and to measure the systematic and high-quality gene expression profiles using the Affymetrix's GeneChip system.
The program is also developed for accurately predicting the base sequences which regulate expression of given gene groups, based on the uniqueness of the upstream sequences. The analysis with the aid of the program predicts 8 gene expression regulation sequences, which are considered to be novel, from the gene groups of retarded expression by the transcription factor disruptants.
The time course gene expression data are produced from the transcription factor SW14 conditional over expression strain. The analysis of the data indicates that the analysis of the subtracted genes using the gene expression profiles from the wild type strain is useful for clarifying the effects of the derived transcription factor over expression.
Fiscal achievement report on the venture business assisting type regional consortium - Core industry creation type. Comprehensive research and development for reducing ABS MABS sensor system into small module for enhancing vehicle steering safety; nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. The effort aims to develop a sensor system to enable overall VDC vehicle dynamic control. The goal is to manufacture a small module type sensor system more than 20 times higher than the conventional type in responding speed and accuracy, which will use a novel ABS anti-lock braking system capable of direct and real-time measurement of axial forces in the four directions.
The prototype module will be a package in which a system-on-a-chip accommodating peripheral circuits is integrated with a sensor. A dedicated IC integrated circuit was developed for a system to process a large volume of signals. In the effort to develop technologies for packaging the novel sensor system and for constructing modules, technologies were developed for integrating sensor components and an IC into one, module junctioning, module installation, simplification of the installation process, and for the manufacturing of modules.
Developed in the effort to optimize MASS were technologies involving the selection and evaluation of sensor components and the enhancement of such processes, optimization of the sensor itself, and the improvement of the sensor system for higher efficiency in calculation. Sensor modules were tested aboard vehicles and the compatibility of the system-on-a-chip with the MASS module was confirmed. Research report on promotion of geothermal energy exploitation for fiscal Test drilling into the structure, construction work for research, and analysis No.
B-4 Kuenohira district ; nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. B-4 Kuenohirayama chiiki. Cuttings from a test drilling in the Kuenohira district, Oita Prefecture, are subjected to analysis. The result of ground surface investigation suggested the presence of a magma reservoir to serve as heat source and a highly permeable zone along a fault to help the formation of a thermal water retention system.
At the N9-KH-1 drilling site, however, no geothermal reservoir is found along the periphery of the subsidence in the western part of the research area. In this district, it is deemed, no geothermal reservoir has been formed due to shortage of heat supply from the heat source and insufficient geothermal water activity. As for the westward stretch of the geothermal reservoir where the N9-KH-1 site is situated that has developed on the swell of the basement, detected to exist at N2-MW-2 and N3-MW-6 in the eastern part of the research area, it is found to be not so extensive.
Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal Ukraine kyowakoku Cherkassyoblenegro netsu heikyu hatsudensho kaishu koji. With an objective of saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emission, investigations and discussions were given on modification of Cherkassyoblenegro Combined Heat and Power Station in the Republic of Ukraine. The project calls for shutdown of the first block and the heat supplying auxiliary boilers being the oldest facilities in the existing station, and utilization of the second block for emergency use.
The new facilities will consist of natural gas burning gas turbine combined cycle cogeneration facilities of MW class including two gas turbines, one steam turbine, two each of waste heat recovery boilers, ducts and stacks. As a result of the discussions, if the project execution period is set for 20 years, the energy saving effect would be , tons of crude oil equivalent annually, and the greenhouse gas emission reducing effect would be , t-CO2 annually.
The total fund amount required for the project is estimated to be ,, dollars. With regard to the profitability, the internal profit rate for the total fund after tax would be 8. Woman presented here is active, mobile and searching for the purpose of life. The specific female experience, however, is not explicated.
Man brother, friend is her traveling partner who helps her to search for the Truth. In her diary, man becomes the leader in their relationship and has the biggest influence on her, as she develops her identity as a writer.
The reason for this change can be the change of the place where the relationship between woman and man conspire. The equal link is in the mythical place, but when it takes place in a concrete social situation, man always is a leader; he is the one showing the way to a woman.
The list of the independent Lithuanians made by historian of culture V. Kavolis, which consists of more than thirty people, includes only two women. The paper states that the gender proportions in the list reinforces the idea that women were excluded from the history of culture twice; the first time, when they did not have the equal opportunity to participate in the official social life and the second time, when the cultural history itself was recorded.
Fiscal achievement report. Important regional technology research and development--Research and development of eco-tailored tribo-material creation process technology High-order composite structure material creation process technology ; nendo eco tailored tribo material sosei process gijutsu seika hokokusho.
Koji fukugo kozo material sosei process gijutsu. Research and development is carried out for the creation of tribo-materials light in weight and free of harmful substances for the manufacture of brakes and rolling bearings for transportation equipment. In the study of the manufacture of tribo-materials by the powder sintering process, various intermetallic compound powers of Fe, Ti, and Al are prepared and sintered by the mechanical alloying method and the gas atomization method, and the compounds are examined for mechanical and tribological properties.
In the study of the melting method, different specimens of the same alloy are melted and cast using high frequency, plasma arc, etc. In the study of the manufacture of brake disk materials and the manufacturing process, a small high-temperature abrasion tester is experimentally built and installed, and friction test materials free of Cu and Sb, suitable for the construction of light-weight rotors, are manufactured and tested for abrasion.
In the study of the manufacture of materials for roller bearings and the manufacturing process, candidate materials are selected, pulverized by gas atomization, mechanical alloying, etc. FY results report on the priority area research and development of 'innovative processing technologies for producing ecologically tailored tribo-materials'.
Innovation processing technologies for producing high-order composite structured material; nendo eco tailored tribo material sosei process gijutsu seika hokokusho. With research and development conducted for the purpose of improving performance of tribology-related parts in outdoor industrial equipment and transportation machinery, the results for fiscal were summarized.
In the trial manufacturing of tribo-materials by a powder metallurgical method, since Fe-Ti-Al based intermetallic compound was promising, four kinds of powder samples were manufactured by mechanical alloying. Tribo-materials by a melting and casting method were also manufactured using the same samples and found to be inferior to the powder sintered materials in dynamic properties.
In the evaluation of trial manufacturing of materials for brake disks, the result of measurement on abrasion loss and a friction coefficient by a high temperature abrasion tester revealed that Ti-Al based alloys were promising as composition metal.
In the examination of the trial manufacturing of materials for bearings, in dealing with high loading of bearings, investigations were conducted on the physical properties of a low carbon steel backing with heating and rolling applied as well as on overlay materials. For materials for bearing alloys, Cu based powders were examined which were manufactured by a gas atomizing method. Construction of the Arakawa trunk line by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government; Juo renzoku shield koho ni yoru chokyori kyukyokusen seko.
Tokyoto gesuidokyoku Arakawa kansen koji. The problems encountered in construction of sewarage systems in urban areas are reduced pitting sites, and construction of deeper, longer-distance and more sharply curved systems, resulting from overpopulation both on and under the ground. The Arakawa trunk line, constructed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, is to connect the existing Mikawashima sewage plant to Higashioku Sewage Purification Center now under construction, m in total length, 40m as pit depth and 15m in the minimum curvature R, and needs shielding works for segment external forms of mm.
The machine is equipped with a spherical body holding a drift shielding machine built in a pit shielding machine, to excavate a pit to a given depth, and then a drift after turning the spherical body by 90deg.
Each pit is equipped with a lift and each drift with an adequate system to move the segments. Bag-equipped segments are used for sharp curves. The research and development efforts are made for the fundamental technology necessary for visualizing higher order information of the physiological functions of the organs and tissues at high precision and non-invasively, and for supporting treatment of the malignant tumor and cerebrovascular diseases, while keeping the functions of the affected organs intact, and the FY results are reported.
The program for the real-time analysis of tissue dynamics includes production of cine-images of, e. The program for systems for supporting treatment while keeping the functions of the affected organs intact includes the MR-aided temperature-sensing systems, and improvement of the techniques for correcting motion of the measured organs by extracting characteristic points in the images taken and of MR-aided temperature sensing accuracy.
The program for radiotherapy and ultrasonic therapy of malignant tumors in the body stems includes development of high-accuracy irradiation system aided by real-time three-dimensional body motion monitoring system. FY report on the fundamental investigation for promotion of Joint Implementation.
Feasibility study is conducted for introduction of a top pressure recovery turbine TRT in China's Panzhihua Iron and Steel Group Company, Sichuan Province, for the potential project to simultaneously contribute to abatement of the greenhouse effect gases and to sustainable economic development of the counterpart country. This project considers to adopt the TRTs in 3 blast furnaces No.
According to the feasibility study results, the total fund required is 5. This plan considers to adopt almost the same facilities as those for the model project on a commercial basis.
For the TRT project to be realized, low-interest fund is essential, and environmental yen loans will be necessary. Underground docking of shields for the first time under the sea by MSD method.
MSD mechanical shield docking method is a method for mechanical docking two shields which have been extended simultaneously from both ends of one section of tunnel boring to shorten work term.
One of the two shields has a piercing ring on its tip and another has a receiving ring. In the final stage of boring, the two ring are docked directly by piercing-receiving. The MSD method has been applied for the first time under sea to a boring work of an under sea tunnel on a route of a gas pipe line from Chita LNG base, Aichi prefecture to the title power station.
This paper reports the outline of the shield machine and horizontal boring for confirming shield position that is a key to an underground docking as well as docking work. In the horizontal boring, after the shield machine on receiving side had reached the docking point predestined, the shield machine on piercing side conducted primary boring at 20 m front of the docking point and then secondary boring at 3 m front, whereby the boring hole was pierced into the shield machine on the receiving side.
The accomplishment of this work made certain the reliability of MSD method even under sea. Geotechnical engineering problems of construction works in the Shikoku district.
Shikoku no kensetsu koji ni okeru doshitsu kogaku teki shomondai. The upstream area includes areas where the average annual rainfalls exceed 3,mm, being famous as a high-rain zone. Schistosity develops with the Sambagawa metamorphic rocks, which tend to be easily weathered.
As a result, there are many landslide spots distributed in the Sambagawa belt. The Shikoku district as a whole has one fifth of the landslide dangerous areas of Japan. Countermeasure activities against landslides were initiated in in Tokushima and Kochi prefectures. Outlines of landslides in those areas, underground structure, activity of landsliding, countermeasure activity against landslides, and the result of the activity are introduced. Countermeasure works for slope faces were carried out attaching importance to ground anchor and reinforced earth works, and the section was completed on March 29, In the section, longitudinal alignment, plain alignment and road structure were reexamined to determine the center line so as to avoid landslide areas as far as possible, and much cost curtailment was realized for the landslide countermeasure works although there were many slope face collapses during excavation.
Reinforced earth work method was found to be effective for small to medium scale slope face countermeasure works. PC anchor or other landslide countermeasure works were required for large scale landslides which have the depths of slide exceeding 2m. Fiscal achievement report on the important regional technology research and development. Research and development of eco-tailored tribo-material creation process technology Higher order composite structure material creation process ; nendo juyo chiiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho.
Eco tailored tribo material sosei process gijutsu koji fukugo kozo material sosei process gijutsu. In fiscal , activities are conducted in the four fields of 1 the experimental manufacture of tribo-materials by powder sintering and the review of the process, 2 the experimental manufacture of tribo-materials by melting and the review of the process, 3 the experimental manufacture of brake disk materials and the review of the process, and 4 the experimental manufacture of bearing materials and the review of the process.
Concerning the melting method, basic techniques are established and an experimentally built rotor is evaluated for braking characteristics.
Construction method with prestressed connection of precast prestressed concrete using composite slab with multi-round opening web. Dopi kensetsu kogyo kabu Bibai kojo jimushoto shinchiku koji.
This report summarizes the experimental result on the structural performance of precast prestressed concrete PC composite slab work, and a construction method with prestressed connection of PC. Although a double T type precast PC slab DT board is frequently used as buried form for slabs, it requires extremely complex bar arrangement and complicated works. The reinforcement method of supports using deformed hair pin type bars was thus devised which has a structural performance higher than that of the previous methods as well as simple bar arrangement and superior workability.
For the reinforced DT board DP slab and the composite slab construction method using the DP slab, the structural safety and retained use environment were confirmed by structural performance test and construction test. The foundation and footing beam of the Bibai factory office building were constructed by the conventional method considering the construction method, while the column, beam and floor by this method using PCa members.
The upper building frame was thus completed for as short as 23 days. Development of coal gas production technology for fuel cells - Research using pilot test facility - for public release Part 1 - Construction and test operation ; nendo seika hokokusho Kokai you.
Nenryo denchi you sekitan gas seizo gijutsu kaihatsu - Pilot shiken setsubi ni yoru kenkyu Sono 1 - Koji shiken unten hen. For the development of a coal gasification furnace optimum for fuel cells, research and development was conducted of a coal gas production technology using the oxygen-blown coal gasification technology, and the fiscal results are put together. In the construction of the pilot test facility, work involved the road in the site, road illumination system installation in the site, and an unauthorized entry prevention system.
In the construction of the coal gasification facility, work involved electrical instrumentation and painting for the coal feeding system, coal gasification furnace, heat recovery boiler, and so forth, and the installation of a series of devices was completed. In July following the completion, power was received and test operations were started, which included the operation of the coal gasification facility alone.
Renting was started in August for the coal pretreatment facility, air separation facility, and the slag treatment device. In the study of the operation control technology for the oxygen-blown coal gasification furnace system, test operations were conducted based on the operating procedures prepared in the preceding fiscal year, which included a test operation performed for the pilot test facility alone.
Parameters for equipment control obtained through the test operations, and improvements on operating steps carried out as required, were all reflected on the operating procedures. The research and development efforts are made for the fundamental technology necessary for visualizing higher order information of the organs and tissues at high precision and non-invasively, and for supporting treatment of the malignant tumor and cerebrovascular diseases, while keeping the functions of the affected organs intact, and the FY results are reported.
The program for the real-time analysis of tissue dynamics starts the designs of the coil for pelvis receiving the signals for monitoring dynamics of the abdominal organs at superhigh field.
The program for systems for supporting treatment while keeping the functions of the affected organs intact starts development of the MR-matching heating system, for which the applications are designed, and measures against eddy current and resistance of the system as a whole to noise are studied.
Development of the high-precision supersonic wave and far-infrared ray irradiation systems is started, in order to establish the treatment aided by radiant ray while keeping functions of the affected organs intact. O televizijskoj produkciji etnografskih filmova na primjeru triju filmova s istarskim temama. Publisher Correction: A craniofacial-specific monosynaptic circuit enables heightened affective pain. A comparative study on physicochemical properties of Chinese-type Oct 4, African Journal of Biotechnology Vol.
Antibiotic effective against Saccharomyces produced by Aspergillus oryzae. Production of an antibiotic effective against Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated in 85 strains of Aspergillus oryzae, isolated from commercial koji molds. The antibiotic was produced by 50 strains. Hinkley Point A gas duct repairs. In , routine visual inspection of the Hinckley Point A Reactor 1 pressure vessel gas outlet ducts showed failures in the welded stud bolts retaining the insulation edging strips.
Since the ducts are accessible only from within the pressure vessel, a remote repair technique that could be deployed via the vessel stand pipe had to be found. A drawn arc stud welding and work package formerly used at the Oldbury Power Station was modified for the purpose. The only manipulators with sufficient reach and adequate carrying capacity to deploy the package were the Sizewell SNAKES manipulators. One of these was modified to fit the Hinckley reactor and repairs have been successfully carried out.
Similar studs on the gas ducts in Reactor 2, are shielded from visual inspection by a Z-clip feature. A technique using pulsed thermography was developed. The studs were heated for a short time at their exposed ends using a prefocused lamp and the heat decay patterns monitored by an infrared camera enabling attached and detached studs to be distinguished. In both operations, I-Grip computer modelling was used in the design of the package envelope and the deployment routes.
Upravitelj dobara Salonitanske crkve. Full Text Available Leucaena leucocephala was one of Mimosaceae family which had high protein content nearly the same value as in Soya beans protein content.
Soy sauce was one of fermentation liquid products which had flavor and aroma as meat, and had high nutrition value. The aims of the research were i to analyze nutrition value in seeds, koji and moromi including carbohydrate, proteins and lipids and ii to know the potency of L. Fermentation was one of soy sauce production processes that involved two steps: i the solid stage fermentation and ii the brine fermentation. Nutritional values in L. Moromi filtrate was added by spices to Leucaena sauce.
Finally, preferable Leucaena sauce was tested including flavor, aroma, and color. Preferable data was analyzed by non-parametric statistic; it was Friedman Test and followed Wilcoxon Ranking Method. The result showed that value of reducing sugar in L. Starch value of seeds, koji and moromi were The value of dissolved protein in seeds, koji and moromi were The value of lipids on seeds, koji and moromi was More over, the four kinds of sauce were not different significantly.
Veteran Kvinto Valerije iz Ikonija bio je pripadnik Vii. Imena s natpisa: Q. Valerius Q. Portorius i Q. Valerius Anteros, vjerojatno su maloazijski domoroci koji nose romanizirana imena. I ostali pripadnici vii. Aziji: Milijada, Pesinunt, Konana i Sevastopol Bjelovar prije Bjelovara. Kuranski propisi o odijevanju kao temelj egalitarnosti u islamu. Gender stereotypes analysis in cartoons broadcasted on Croatian televisions.
Metoda koja se koris Sukonstrukcija interkulturalnog kurikuluma. KRS se dijagnosticira na temelju Ovim radom nast Full Text Available Steamed rice inoculated with Aspergillus oryzae, called Koji , is an essential ingredient for making amazake or brewing sake.
However, A. The ratio of initial spore counts of A. Steamed rice inoculated with Aspergillus oryzae, called Koji , is an essential ingredient for making amazake or brewing sake.
Runoff simulation is of great significance for water engineering design, water disaster control, water resources planning and management in a catchment or region.
A large number of methods including concept-based process-driven models and statistic-based data-driven models, have been proposed and widely used in worldwide during past decades. Most existing models assume that the relationship among runoff and its impacting factors is stationary. However, in the changing environment e.
In this study, we propose a data stream model for runoff simulation in a changing environment. Specifically, the proposed model works in three steps: learning a rule set, expansion of a rule, and simulation. The first step is to initialize a rule set. When a new observation arrives, the model will check which rule covers it and then use the rule for simulation.
Meanwhile, Page- Hinckley PH change detection test is used to monitor the online simulation error of each rule. If a change is detected, the corresponding rule is removed from the rule set. In the second step, for each rule, if it covers more than a given number of instance, the rule is expected to expand. In the third step, a simulation model of each leaf node is learnt with a perceptron without activation function, and is updated with adding a newly incoming observation.
Taking Fuxi River catchment as a case study, we applied the model to simulate the monthly runoff in the catchment. Results show that abrupt change is detected in the year of by using the Page- Hinckley change detection test method, which is consistent with the historic record of flooding. In addition, the model achieves good simulation results with the RMSE of The findings demonstrated that the proposed data stream model provides a promising way to simulate runoff in a changing environment.
James Brady, the White House press secretary during President Ronald Reagan's first term in office, was 1 of 4 people including the President wounded during an attempted assassination attempt on President Reagan's life on March 30, John Hinckley , Jr. The assassination attempt was a ploy by Hinckley , Jr.
Brady was the most seriously injured of the 4 who were wounded. He suffered a gunshot wound to the left forehead that traveled through the left frontal lobe, corpus callosum, and then into the right frontal and temporal lobes. He initially required a bifrontal craniotomy for evacuation of a right frontotemporal intraparenchymal hemorrhage and debridement of tract. His postoperative course was complicated by seizures, cerebrospinal fluid leakage necessitating multiple reparative procedures , aspiration pneumonia, and pulmonary emboli.
Despite the severity of his injury and perioperative morbidities, Mr. Brady made good recovery. Although permanently left with residual weakness on the left side of his body, making a wheelchair necessary, Brady maintained cognitive and personality traits that were very close to his preinjury baseline.
As a result, James Brady and his wife, Sarah, led a call to create legislative reform subsequently known as the "Brady Bill. Our work aims to describe the assassination attempt, the neurosurgical injury and management of Mr.
Brady's case, and the brief historical sequel that followed. Alcoholic fermentation of stored sweet potatoes. Sweet potatoes were ground and stored in a ground hold. Inorganic N has no effect in improving the fermentation efficiency of the stored sweet potatoes by the amylo process.
Journal of Biosciences Indian Academy of Sciences. Toward the 'new century' of handedness in biology: In commemoration of the th anniversary of the birth of Francis Crick.
Koji Tamura. Clipboard Volume 41 Issue 2 June pp Aspergillus niger contains the cryptic phylogenetic species A. In addition, sequence analysis of four putative A. October 2, The Heart of Everything That Is. Fuse, Koji , Mitchell. Aflatoxins are toxic and carcinogenic secondary metabolites produced primarily by the filamentous fungi Aspergillus favus and Aspergillus parasitic and cause toxin contamination in food chain worldwide.
Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus sojae are highly valued as koji molds in the traditional prep Biochemical changes in low-salt fermentation of solid- state soy sauce. Dec 15, Reduction of the degradation activity of umami-enhancing purinic ribonucleotide supplement in miso by the targeted suppression of acid phosphatases in the Aspergillus oryzae starter culture. Miso fermented soybean paste is a traditional Japanese fermented food, and is now used worldwide. The solid-state culture of filamentous fungus, Aspergillus oryzae, grown on rice is known as rice- koji , and is important as a starter for miso fermentation because of its prominent hydrolytic enzyme activities.
Recently, commercial miso products have been supplemented with purinic ribonucleotides, such as inosine monophosphate IMP and guanine monophosphate, to enhance the characteristic umami taste of glutamate in miso. Because the purinic ribonucleotides are degraded by enzymes such as acid phosphatases in miso, heat inactivation is required prior to the addition of these flavorings.
However, heat treatment is a costly process and reduces the quality of miso. Therefore, an approach to lower acid phosphatase activities in koji culture is necessary. Transcriptional analysis using an A. The eight down-regulated genes might be under the control of the functional counterpart of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae transcriptional activator Pho4, which specifically regulates phosphatase genes in response to the ambient phosphate availability.
However, the regulatory mechanism of aphC was not clear. Amylolysis of raw corn by Aspergillus niger for simultaneous ethanol fermentation. The novelty of this approach was hydrolysis of the raw starch in ground corn to fermentable sugars that are simultaneously fermented to ethanol by yeast in a nonsterile environment. Thus, the conventional cooking step can be eliminated for energy conservation.
A koji of Aspergillus niger grown on whole corn for 3 days was the crude enzyme source. A ratio of 0. Optimum pH was 4. Ethanol concentration was 7. Agitation increased rate. Sacharification was the rate-limiting step. The initial ethanol concentration preventing fermentation was estimated to be 8. Antopologija filma. Identification and toxigenic potential of the industrially important fungi, Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus sojae. Mold strains belonging to the species Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus sojae are highly valued as koji molds in the traditional preparation of fermented foods, such as miso, sake, and shoyu, and as protein production hosts in modern industrial processes.
All four species are classified to the A. Strains of the A. Koji mold species are generally perceived of as being nontoxigenic, whereas wild molds Thus, reliable identification of individual strains is very important for application purposes. This review considers the pheno- and genotypic markers used in the classification of A. Oblici tradicijske arhitekture i kulture stanovanja u Baranji.
Albanci su prije studenoga Jedinstvena grafija slovopis, abeceda albanskoga jezika usvojena je prije stotinjak godina u Manastiru na kongresu na kojem je sudjelovala elita albanskih intelektualaca i ostalih djelatnika koji su se zalagali za neovisnost Albanije.
Effects of plant sterols derived from Aloe vera gel on human dermal fibroblasts in vitro and on skin condition in Japanese women. Many previous studies reported the healing effects of Aloe vera. However, there are few clinical studies on the effect of orally administered A.
Seoska prehrana u Baranji. Usporedba rezultata revizije informacijskih sustava provedenih prema CobiT okviru i uvod u CobiT 5 okvir. Ovim radom prikazana je revizija informacijskih sustava odabrane tvrtke, te okvir za korporativno upravljanje informatikom CobiT.
U radu su nabrojane aplikacije, tj. U proteklih nekoliko godina, stvaraju se novi materijali na osnovi drva i polimera — drvoplastika Wood Plastic Composites - WPC. Each of the concentrations measured in the initial and final stages of the fermentation process correlated with levels of koji rice and steamed rice, obtained from different areas and used for SAKE production. Pravni problemi morske obale : u svjetlu europskog i hrvatskog prava. Razlikujemo vanjska i unutarnja obojenja zubi.
Proteolytic activity of selected moulds in the first fermentation of black-seeded soysauce. Black-seeded soybean is preferred as normally it has higher protein content and would give black colour to the soyfiltrate for making soysauce.
Mould is usually used in the first fermentation of soysauce making to prepare koji with high soluble protein as a media for the subsequent bacteria fermentation in brine solution. Black-seeded soybean of Detam 1 variety was used as the soysauce ingredient.
The trial was a randomized complete design with four replicates. The treatments were 1 Rhizopus oligosporus starter in flour form with two day-fermentation, 2 similar R. The black-seeded soybean had grain weight of Koji prepared using R.
Both starters of A. Whilst the lowest value was noted in koji prepared using R. This suggests that both A. In terms of practical application and maintenance of the mould viability by soysauce processors, the use of A. Kubo , Koji. Histamin je biogeni amin koji u namirnicama bogatim proteinima nastaje razlaganjem aminokiseline histidina.
Douchi is a type of Chinese traditional fermented food that is an important source of protein and is used in flavouring ingredients. The end product is affected by the microbial community present during fermentation, but exactly how microbes influence the fermentation process remains poorly understood.
We used an Illumina MiSeq approach to investigate bacterial and fungal community diversity during both douchi- koji making and fermentation. A total of , high quality bacterial 16S rRNA sequences and , high quality fungal internal transcribed spacer reads were used for taxonomic classification, revealing eight bacterial and three fungal phyla. Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria were the dominant bacterial phyla, while Ascomycota and Zygomycota were the dominant fungal phyla.
At the genus level, Staphylococcus and Weissella were the dominant bacteria, while Aspergillus and Lichtheimia were the dominant fungi. Principal coordinate analysis showed structural separation between the composition of bacteria in koji making and fermentation. However, multivariate analysis of variance based on unweighted UniFrac distances did identify distinct differences p fermentation.
This is the first investigation to integrate douchi fermentation and koji making and fermentation processes through this technological approach. The results provide insight into the microbiome of the douchi fermentation process, and reveal a structural separation that may be stratified by the environment during the production of this traditional fermented food.
Effect of halotolerant starter microorganisms on chemical characteristics of fermented chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta sauce. The changes in the chemical components, color, and sensory properties during fermentation were investigated. Free amino acid content was increased, and the browning of fish sauce was enhanced by the usage of barley koji during fermentation. The halotolerant yeast HTY produced ethanol and repressed the browning by consumption of reducing sugar.
Inoculated Z. Thus, inoculation of HTMs and barley koji was effective for conferring the soy-sauce-like flavor and increasing free amino acid and ethanol contents in fish sauce product.
Awamori is a traditional distilled beverage made from steamed Thai-Indica rice in Okinawa, Japan. For brewing the liquor, two microbes, local kuro black koji mold Aspergillus luchuensis and awamori yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are involved. In contrast, that yeasts are used for ethanol fermentation throughout the world, a characteristic of Japanese fermentation industries is the use of Aspergillus molds as a source of enzymes for the maceration and saccharification of raw materials.
Here we report the draft genome of a kuro black koji mold, A. The total length of nonredundant sequences was nearly In total, 11, genes were predicted to encode proteins. Most of the housekeeping genes, such as transcription factors and N-and O-glycosylation system, were conserved with respect to Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus oryzae. Furthermore, key biosynthetic gene clusters of ochratoxin A and fumonisin B were absent when compared with A.
This genome information will facilitate not only comparative genomics with industrial kuro- koji molds, but also molecular breeding of the molds in improvements of awamori fermentation.
Glycosylceramide modifies the flavor and metabolic characteristics of sake yeast. Full Text Available In the manufacture of sake, Japanese traditional rice wine, sake yeast is fermented with koji , which is steamed rice fermented with the non-pathogenic fungus Aspergillus oryzae. During fermentation, sake yeast requires lipids, such as unsaturated fatty acids and sterols, in addition to substances provided by koji enzymes for fermentation.
However, the role of sphingolipids on the brewing characteristics of sake yeast has not been studied. In this study, we revealed that glycosylceramide, one of the sphingolipids abundant in koji , affects yeast fermentation.
The addition of soy, A. In particular, the addition of A. The addition of soy glycosylceramide induced metabolic changes to sake yeast such as a decrease in glucose, increases in ethanol and glycerol and changes in several amino acids and organic acids concentrations. Tricarboxylic acid TCA cycle, pyruvate metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism, and glycerolipid metabolism were overrepresented in the cultures incubated with sake yeast and soy glycosylceramide.
This is the first study of the effect of glycosylceramide on the flavor and metabolic profile of sake yeast. Isolation of industrial strains of Aspergillus oryzae lacking ferrichrysin by disruption of the dffA gene. Based on studies using laboratory strains, the efficiency of gene disruption in Aspergillus oryzae, commonly known as koji mold, is low; thus, gene disruption has rarely been applied to the breeding of koji mold.
To evaluate the efficiency of gene disruption in industrial strains of A. PCR analysis of pyrithiamine-resistant transformants showed dffA gene disruption efficiency of Analysis of the physiological characteristics of the disruptants indicated that dffA gene disruption results in hypersensitivity to hydrogen peroxide.
To investigate the industrial characteristics of dffA gene disruptants, two strains were used to make rice koji and their properties were compared to those of the host strains. No differences were found between the dffA gene disruptants and the host strains, except that the disruptants did not produce ferrichrysin. Thus, this gene disruption technique is much more effective than conventional mutagenesis for A. In the manufacture of sake, Japanese traditional rice wine, sake yeast is fermented with koji , which is steamed rice fermented with the non-pathogenic fungus Aspergillus oryzae.
Moj otac stoji ispred ogledala. Znam odakle miris dolazi. Detailed geochemical survey for east-central Minnesota, geology and geochemistry of selected uranium targets. Results of a detailed geochemical survey of approximately km 2 in parts of Aitkin, Carlton, Kanabec, and Pine Counties, east-central Minnesota are reported. Geochemical data are presented for groundwater samples and bedrock samples. Although all of the groundwaters in the study area have similar major-element concentrations and therefore presumably a common ancestry, small differences in the minor-element concentrations serve to characterize various aquifers, both in the Quaternary deposits and in the bedrock.
All of the aquifers locally yield waters having statistically anomalous concentrations of uranium or radon, but these anomalies are spatially coincident only in a few places and particularly in three geologic environments considered favorable for uranium mineralization. These include the following: 1 Thomson Formation near the unconformably overlying Fond du Lac Formation, 2 Hinckley Sandstone near a major fault system, and 3 Denham Formation near the unconformity with the McGrath Gneiss, particularly where these rocks are faulted and overlain by the Fond du Lac Formation.
One additional uranium environment characterized by thin laminae of uraniferous apatite was located in the Thomson Formation during outcrop reconnaissance and sampling. The coincidence of this and other anomalously high uranium values in the bedrock with specific uranium and radon anomalies in the groundwater confirms the usefulness of the hydrogeochemical data to uranium exploration in this glaciated terrane. Promoting nuclear energy: market price or regulated tariffs? Because of its negative effects, the scheme for aiding renewable energies presently in force in Europe is likely to penalise investments in nuclear energy.
The F. Restoring an equity and 'equal opportunity' for nuclear energy in Europe needs to implement a 'Contract for Differences' scheme for nuclear energy, like the model now gaining favour in the U. The contract for differences signed between EDF and the UK government means that if the wholesale price that EDF secures for Hinckley 's power falls below the index-linked preset value, the difference will be covered by payments from the UK government.
It appears that nuclear power has weakened in Europe by the system of guaranteed purchase prices for renewable energies. Moreover this system is costly. New fairer rules must be implemented in the market.
Either the market is left on its own to send the signals to all investors including renewable energies , or a minimum of regulation is introduced in order to limit the costly surges of under and over capacity. But in the latter case it is necessary to treat all the energy sources in an equal way and guarantee the nuclear industry that it will also recover its fixed costs over the long term.
Flebotomija, kao relativno irrvazivna medicinska procedura, zaista je presudna za postupke koji slede bilo u analitiCkoj fazi u laboratory ili u procesu interpretacije koji obavljaju lekari. Autori su sproveli anketu o flebotomiji zasnovanu na dokumentu HA6 danas ga zamenjuje dokument GPA6 Instituta za kliniCke i laboratorijske standarde IKLS u tri vladine bolnice u Etiopiji da bi ispitali zaposlenih nije bio laboratorijski radnik, dok 19 jesu bili laboratorijski radnici o praksi uzimanja uzoraka venske krvi.
Power excursions of the RA reactor a mathematical model of reactor kinetic behaviour was formulated to describe power and temperature coefficients for both reactor fuel and moderator. Computer code TM-1 was written for analysis of possible reactor accidents. Power excursions caused by uncontrolled control rod removal and heavy water flow into the central vertical experimental channel were analyzed.
Accidents caused by fuel elements handling were discussed including possible fuel element damage. Although the probability for uncontrolled radioactive materials release into the environment is very low, this type of accidents are analyzed as well including the impact on the personnel and the environment.
A separate chapter describes analysis of the loss of flow accident. Safety analysis covers the possible damage of the outer steel Ra reactor vessel and the water screens which are part of the water biological shield.
Za analizu predpostavljenih akcidenata realizovan je racunarski program TM Analizirane su ekskurzije snage usled nekontrolisanog izvlacenja kontrolnih sipki i punjenja centralnog vertikalnog eksperimentalnog kanala teskom vodom.
Analizirani su akcidenti pri rukovanju nuklearnim gorivom ukljucujuci ostecenje nuklearnog goriva. Iako je verovatnoca za nekontrolisano rasturanje radioaktivnog materijala mala, analizirani su i ovakvi moguci akcidenti koji mogu uticati kako na osoblje reaktora tako i na okolinu. Posebno poglavlje obuhvata analizu akcidenta u slucaju prestanka cirkulacije primarnog hladioca. Analiza sigurnosti reaktora obuhvata i moguce ostecenje spoljasnjeg celicnog suda reaktora RA kao i vodenih ekrana koji su deo vodenog bioloskog stita.
Koji mold species are generally perceived of as being nontoxigenic, whereas wild molds are associated with the carcinogenic aflatoxins. Separation of A. The high degree of identity is reflected by the divergent identification of reference cultures maintained in culture collections. As close relatives of aflatoxin-producing wild molds, koji molds possess an aflatoxin gene homolog cluster. Some strains identified as A. Identification of a strain as A. Toxigenic potential must be determined specifically for individual strains.
The species taxa, A.
Srijeda Naslov epizode je "Krv Kratko ". Belef ima tu pomalo subverzivnu liniju u koju si se, izgleda, dobro uklopio U tvom stripu nema pretencioznosti. Kako nastaju stripovi?
Kako te promene izgledaju sexa tebe? Trajnje li se stvari ipak malo pomeraju napred? Mada, i oni ponekad imaju neki rat, ali kratko daleko od njih. To sexa jednostavno tako namestilo, postalo je metafora. Coming from the Kampen art academy he has been working with Aleks Deurloo, Boris and Sam Peeters on a collective oeuvre since Their most famous collective creation is krako en Poephoofd', which has appeared kratko self-published comic trajnaje, as well as the magazines Zone and MYX.
Lamelos is a comics collective consisting of Aleks Deurloo b. All coming from kratko art academy in Kampen, they have been collaborating on a colorful oeuvre with jolly and absurd comic strips since Works and lives in Buenos Aires.
Also known as a member of the Convoy group. Mikropolis is a small town in the middle of nowhere, inhabited by a gallery kratko rather unusual sexa. The series has been trajanje in a large number kratko magazines and newspapers sinceincluding Poland's largest sexa newspaper Gazeta Wyborcza. Forreign publications include kratko Two books have been published so far — "Mikropolis.
The Tourist Guide" and "Mikropolis. Mohair Dreams", both recently reissued sea Egmont. The duo is now collaborating on a new kratko and an adaptation of the sexa for animated film. He has tajanje a long number of books in Trajanje and in France.
He lives in Warsaw and works as an illustrator and sexa artist. Since then he has collaborated with the creme of Poland's illustrators resulting in a kratko number of publications.
He works as a designer and illustrator in Warsaw. The man who thinks comics saved sex life when he trajabje little. His zine Krpelj has run for more than issues.
He persuaded his whole family to draw comics. In Ivana ttrajanje a founder and coordinator of Komikaze, starting During last trajanje years sexa lead and participate sexa than 50 comix and street workshops and organized around exhibitions in coordination trajanje lots of NGO associations. Tnx to Ligatura! Na Coconino: nezavisni avtori Balkana u trajanje Black fumettologicamente. Sexa stripovi u vidu aplikacije www. Paul Gravett trajanje svoju enciklopediu stripa www.
Neorama dos Quadrinhos trajanje, kao i Strip Trajanjesu besplatne. Svake nedelje, preko izabranih novosti o devetoj umetnosti. Zupan, Z. Lokal br. Priredio: Strip vesti. Press: Blic strip. Autor: Franja Straka. Trajanje Marketprint.
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Pomanjkanje tega načina povečanja penisa je njegovo kratko trajanje. Pri tem mu bo v . Prav tako trajanje erekcije ne pomeni nujno kakovostnejšega seksa. Kod određenog broja se to desi jednom i traje kratko dok se kod drugih dešava ali mnogo češće se događa, naročito na početku veze, ili seksa za jednu noć, .. Gubitak seksualne funkcije kod muškarca i njeno trajanje zavise od toga koja.
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